About Bulgaria: Bulgaria is former Communist country that entered the EU on 1 January 2007, averaged more than 6% annual growth, driven by significant amounts of bank lending, consumption, and foreign direct investment. Even if significant challenges still remain, Bulgaria is one of European countries having a favourable investment regime, including low and flat corporate income taxes. At the same time, the live expenses and education in Bulgaria are the cheapest in European Union and attract thousands of international students every year.
Bulgaria or Republic of Bulgaria is a country located in South-eastern Europe with area: 110,910 sq. km and major cities: Capital -Sofia 1.3 million; Plovdiv 379,493; Varna 352,674; Climate: Continental-mild summers and cold, snowy winters. Population (February 2011 census) is 7,364,570. Total area: 110 912 sq. km. National currency: BG LEV (lv) - 1 Euro = 1, 96 lava. Time zone: Winter time: GMT+2 hours (October – March) and Summer time: GMT +3 hours (April – September).
Borders and University location in Bulgaria
Bulgaria shares a border with Turkey and Greece to the south, Macedonia and Serbia to the west, Romania to the north, and the Black Sea to the east. The capital, Sofia, lies in the western region of the country. Ethnic groups include Bulgarian 84.8%, Turkish 8.8%, Roma 4.9%, other 0.7% (including Macedonian, Armenian, Tatar), and unstated 0.8% .
Bulgarian universities and colleges are well distributed in all country from western to East and North to south.
Flag of Bulgaria
The flag of Bulgaria consists of three equal horizontal bands of white, green, and red respectively from the top to the bottom.
The three colour fields are identical in form and size. The white colour means Purity, Hope and Nobility. The green colour stands for Freedom, Faith and Fertility. The red colour is for Bravery, Love and Manhood.
Coat of Arms of Bulgaria
The Coat of Arms of Bulgaria was adopted in 1997. This coat of Arms was the first used by Bulgaria since Communist rule was ended in that nation in the early 1990s. Agreeing on the coat of arms was a source of great controversy in the Bulgarian government as different parties argued over what to put in the arms.
The emblem has two lions supporting a shield with a lion on it. It is topped by the crown of Bulgarian king Ivan Asen II. At the bottom of the shield is the Bulgarian national motto, “Unity Makes Power”, in the native language ” Съединението прави силата “.
The three lions represent the three major portions of Bulgaria – Moesia, Thrace and Macedonia. The crown on top of the shield, and thus upon the shielded lion is not that of the last Bulgarian monarchy, but that of the second Bulgarian monarchy (1185 – 1396).
This monarchy, the second Bulgarian empire was established by the brothers Peter and Asen, after it was freed from Byzantine control, and before it was subjugated by the Ottomans.
History and economy
Bulgaria has a long and rich history, where orthodox Christianity and the Church has played a large role. Another great influence of today’s Bulgaria is the communist era, which lasted from the end of World War II until 1990. Today Bulgaria is a proud member of both the EU and NATO in addition to its membership of the United Nations from 1955 and is run by democratic rule.
In the decade leading up to EU accession, Bulgaria embraced difficult reforms to build macroeconomic stability and stimulate growth. To stimulate private sector-led growth, the Government of Bulgaria has placed better roads, rail and water infrastructure and creating an enabling business environment at the top of its agenda. It also pledged to strengthen the delivery of public services and work towards ensuring all citizens reap the benefits of growth.
In contrast to some Euro-zone states, Bulgaria’s public finances are not overwhelmed by huge international debt and its level of government debt (12% as of November 2011) remains one of the lowest within the EU. Bulgaria is politico-social stable country and is becoming more and more stable economically.
Bulgaria is politico-social stable country and is becoming more and more stable economically